Difference between revisions of "ASL DEBIAN-9 INSTALL ON VULTR"

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m (updated info, removed less essential info, corrected spelling)
(Cleaned up the first part of the article. it still needs more work, but now it seems less like a rambling post to a mailing list and more like a HowTo (at least until the Miscellaneous section))
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Written by Mike (KB8JNM)
+
=== Debian 9 Install on VULTR ===
 +
==== Originally by Mike (KB8JNM) ====
  
Before you start:
+
== Before you start ==
You probably should read most of this once before you start (to the +++++++++ anyway). It will help.
+
You probably should read most of this once before you start (at least the to the Miscellaneous section).  
  
1- Get signed up with account on vultr.com and verify email.  
+
It will help.
  
2- Add a server (Blue "+" button, Mid-Upper Right), to find a cheaper install, you may need to change server locations till you see one available,
+
== Register/login ==
otherwise, you may need to choose a $5 or 1gb Mem server or larger.  
+
Get signed up with account on vultr.com and verify email.  
You will need to look in advance to Vultr's section (3) for size selection for each location.
 
Flipping between section (1) & (3) to get that right. Not all size servers are available at all times at all locations. (some sell-out).
 
  
3- At Vultr's section (2) - OS's, you will need to select just above the selections, to "UPLOAD ISO".
+
== Deploy new server ==
Plug this "currently valid" link to the ASL Stretch Deb 9 ISO -
+
=== Add a server ===
http://dvswitch.org/files/ASL_Images/Intel-AMD/Stretch/ASL_1.01-20180417-amd64-i386-debian-stretch-netinst.iso
+
* Click on the Blue "+" button in the upper right hand of the screen.
 +
* Browse the various locations to find a server the meets both your budget and needs. 
 +
* Note: Not all size servers are available at all times at all locations (quantities vary by location/availability).
 +
* At Vultr's section (2) - OS's choose: '''UPLOAD ISO'''
 +
* Enter this location in to upload the ASL 1.01 Netinstall ISO:  https://github.com/AllStarLink/Asterisk/releases/download/ASL-1.01/ASL_1.01-20180417-amd64-i386-debian-stretch-netinst.iso
 +
* You should be able to move forward to Vultr's section (7) and select the hostname or wait until you setup your node and use the ASL-MENU to manually set it.
  
Place that link into the load iso. Go to next step.
+
== Deployment ==
 +
* Look in the top right hand of the screen and you will see a monitor next to the power button. 
 +
* Select this icon to bring up the remote console to manage your newly deployed server.
 +
* Note:  Your mouse will not function in this console and you will not be able to copy and paste commands into.
 +
* To navigate:  Use the arrow keys and tab to switch fields. Use space/enter to select a menu item.
 +
* Upon completiong you will be presented with a black console screen.
  
4- You should be able to move forward to Vultr's section (7) and select the hostname (i.e. eoh.29999.link), if you wish,  
+
== Post deployment notes ==
or wait and do that though the ASL-MENU / manually. But this will save you a step.
+
* Check your Vultr server instance and remove the ISO.
 +
** Select your server instance and choose settings.
 +
** On the left side will be an option to load ISO. Select this and choose the REMOVE ISO option.
 +
** After rebooting your instance, reopen the console again and check to make sure everything is working.
 +
* Refer to normal installation instructions at https://wiki.allstarlink.org/wiki/Beginners_Guide and elsewhere on this wiki to complete setup. 
 +
** Note: You do not need to download the ISO again if you use the link above. Just skip to the section after post install for node setup and registration.
  
5- DEPLOY YOUR SERVER
+
=== Additional configuration items ===
 
+
* To allow root access for SFTP make the folllowng change to the `/etc/ssh/sshd_config` file:
6- Look in the top right hand of the screen and you will see a monitor next to the power button.
+
** Look for a line that says `PermitRootLogin`. Change whatever additional text is next to it to say yes.
Click that for your console and you may enter data as needed for your deployment just as if the system is in front of you.
+
** If this line doesn't exist then add it as: `PermitRootLogin yes`
But note that you are not going to copy paste any instructions at the command line like you might with putty ssh shell.
+
** Save the file
Also Note: Your mouse will not function inside the CONSOLE window.
+
** Restart the node's SSH daemon with `systemctl restart sshd`
Use keyboard / 'TAB' & 'ARROWS' to navigate fields & 'SPACEBAR' or ENTER/CR to select inside ASL-MENU.
 
 
 
7- After all is done in your install, your console screen will be blank.
 
 
 
*** you will need to look at your "vultr server instance" to remove your ISO and that will force a reboot.
 
*** The way to do that is to click on your server instance, click settings (above)
 
*** then look on the left for load ISO again, the menu will show big blue button to REMOVE ISO
 
*** You probably will need to launch the console screen again. Close the old one first if it went blank !
 
 
 
 
 
--Now, that's about all I can guide you on with that. See normal install instructions.
 
--The default user is repeater and pw is allstarlink
 
--If you get lost somehow, # cd /usr/local/sbin/ - and run - # sudo asl-menu - if you are setting-up with the script.
 
--Please be careful when setting new root password, it shows at the bottom of the screen and this will give you
 
--root access in the console only. To get root access in your SFTP, you need to
 
--edit  /etc/ssh/ssh_config and PermitRootLogin yes
 
--save/exit restart sshd but for your own good, don't leave it this way. Please change the port address while you are there editing from the default of 22. You can do this later.
 
 
 
###!!! A well done job for those responsible for a perfect ASL ISO deployment. Thank You !
 
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 
 
 
Additional >
 
If you like to play, Let's go one further step so you can run this as your own website.
 
You will love to learn this after you have set-up your server and it's verified running.
 
 
 
To make this completely web compatible, so to speak, you will want a 'LAMP STACK'
 
which is basically Linux (you already have) MySQL database, PHP server-side scripting and Appache2 for your HTML server on port 80.
 
I'm not writing the how-to for this, but here is a link I found on the web to guide you through it for this Debian 9 install.
 
 
 
https://linuxconfig.org/how-to-install-a-lamp-server-on-debian-9-stretch-linux
 
 
 
AS A ADDED BONUS FOR OTHER WEB WORKINGS:
 
While after you have installed you lamp stack, you can always get to the server web pages you construct via ip address,
 
you may want to pick-up a domain name and use that for a pointer to the IP. I have this suggestion for you....
 
 
 
After deploying the LAMP stack (or before anything in my case) I went to NameSilo.com,
 
Picked up the domain name 29999.link @ $ 8.69 (per year)
 
Then go to the domain manager and point it at the ip address of the ASL Server.
 
 
 
So you will have basicly, any record you see with a ip address now needs re-pointed to match your server.
 
You might add one for your hostname... server.29999.link
 
Some of you know how to set-up a A record, MX for mail and cname.
 
But it is never to late to learn how it all works before or after your deployment.
 
But this is 'not required' for the minimal operation of a VPS deployed system.
 
You or your club could take advantage of your own website & email with what you already have.
 
 
 
But that brings up other issues like security.
 
 
 
So what I will add here is for your own good. Don't do a bunch of other stuff until you get a grip on security of your system.
 
The ASL install comes with a firewall but it is up to your to set-it and run it and keep a eye on your system.
 
But to add some flavor to your install,
 
use valtr's free "snapshot" of your instance for a backup once you know you have a solid working node.
 
They also provide a scheduled back-up service at $1 a month.
 
I'm not here to endorse them but it's there and I sometimes use it on instances I have.
 
  
 +
== Miscellaneous ==
 +
  If you like to play, Let's go one further step so you can run this as your own website.
 +
  You will love to learn this after you have set-up your server and it's verified running.
 +
 
 +
  To make this completely web compatible, so to speak, you will want a 'LAMP STACK'
 +
  which is basically Linux (you already have) MySQL database, PHP server-side scripting and Appache2 for your HTML server on port 80.
 +
  I'm not writing the how-to for this, but here is a link I found on the web to guide you through it for this Debian 9 install.
 +
 
 +
  https://linuxconfig.org/how-to-install-a-lamp-server-on-debian-9-stretch-linux
 +
 
 +
  AS A ADDED BONUS FOR OTHER WEB WORKINGS:
 +
  While after you have installed you lamp stack, you can always get to the server web pages you construct via ip address,
 +
  you may want to pick-up a domain name and use that for a pointer to the IP. I have this suggestion for you....
 +
 
 +
  After deploying the LAMP stack (or before anything in my case) I went to NameSilo.com,
 +
  Picked up the domain name 29999.link @ $ 8.69 (per year)
 +
  Then go to the domain manager and point it at the ip address of the ASL Server.
 +
 
 +
  So you will have basically, any record you see with a ip address now needs re-pointed to match your server.
 +
  You might add one for your hostname... server.29999.link
 +
  Some of you know how to set-up a A record, MX for mail and cname.
 +
  But it is never to late to learn how it all works before or after your deployment.
 +
  But this is 'not required' for the minimal operation of a VPS deployed system.
 +
  You or your club could take advantage of your own website & email with what you already have.
 +
   
 +
  But that brings up other issues like security.
 +
 
 +
  So what I will add here is for your own good. Don't do a bunch of other stuff until you get a grip on security of your system.
 +
  The ASL install comes with a firewall but it is up to your to set-it and run it and keep a eye on your system.
 +
  But to add some flavor to your install,
 +
  use valtr's free "snapshot" of your instance for a backup once you know you have a solid working node.
 +
  They also provide a scheduled back-up service at $1 a month.
 +
  I'm not here to endorse them but it's there and I sometimes use it on instances I have.
 +
 
 
[[Category:How to]]
 
[[Category:How to]]

Revision as of 22:51, 27 September 2020

Debian 9 Install on VULTR

Originally by Mike (KB8JNM)

Before you start

You probably should read most of this once before you start (at least the to the Miscellaneous section).

It will help.

Register/login

Get signed up with account on vultr.com and verify email.

Deploy new server

Add a server

  • Click on the Blue "+" button in the upper right hand of the screen.
  • Browse the various locations to find a server the meets both your budget and needs.
  • Note: Not all size servers are available at all times at all locations (quantities vary by location/availability).
  • At Vultr's section (2) - OS's choose: UPLOAD ISO
  • Enter this location in to upload the ASL 1.01 Netinstall ISO: https://github.com/AllStarLink/Asterisk/releases/download/ASL-1.01/ASL_1.01-20180417-amd64-i386-debian-stretch-netinst.iso
  • You should be able to move forward to Vultr's section (7) and select the hostname or wait until you setup your node and use the ASL-MENU to manually set it.

Deployment

  • Look in the top right hand of the screen and you will see a monitor next to the power button.
  • Select this icon to bring up the remote console to manage your newly deployed server.
  • Note: Your mouse will not function in this console and you will not be able to copy and paste commands into.
  • To navigate: Use the arrow keys and tab to switch fields. Use space/enter to select a menu item.
  • Upon completiong you will be presented with a black console screen.

Post deployment notes

  • Check your Vultr server instance and remove the ISO.
    • Select your server instance and choose settings.
    • On the left side will be an option to load ISO. Select this and choose the REMOVE ISO option.
    • After rebooting your instance, reopen the console again and check to make sure everything is working.
  • Refer to normal installation instructions at https://wiki.allstarlink.org/wiki/Beginners_Guide and elsewhere on this wiki to complete setup.
    • Note: You do not need to download the ISO again if you use the link above. Just skip to the section after post install for node setup and registration.

Additional configuration items

  • To allow root access for SFTP make the folllowng change to the `/etc/ssh/sshd_config` file:
    • Look for a line that says `PermitRootLogin`. Change whatever additional text is next to it to say yes.
    • If this line doesn't exist then add it as: `PermitRootLogin yes`
    • Save the file
    • Restart the node's SSH daemon with `systemctl restart sshd`

Miscellaneous

 If you like to play, Let's go one further step so you can run this as your own website. 
 You will love to learn this after you have set-up your server and it's verified running.
 
 To make this completely web compatible, so to speak, you will want a 'LAMP STACK' 
 which is basically Linux (you already have) MySQL database, PHP server-side scripting and Appache2 for your HTML server on port 80.
 I'm not writing the how-to for this, but here is a link I found on the web to guide you through it for this Debian 9 install.
 
 https://linuxconfig.org/how-to-install-a-lamp-server-on-debian-9-stretch-linux
 
 AS A ADDED BONUS FOR OTHER WEB WORKINGS:
 While after you have installed you lamp stack, you can always get to the server web pages you construct via ip address, 
 you may want to pick-up a domain name and use that for a pointer to the IP. I have this suggestion for you....
 
 After deploying the LAMP stack (or before anything in my case) I went to NameSilo.com,
 Picked up the domain name 29999.link @ $ 8.69 (per year) 
 Then go to the domain manager and point it at the ip address of the ASL Server.
 
 So you will have basically, any record you see with a ip address now needs re-pointed to match your server. 
 You might add one for your hostname... server.29999.link
 Some of you know how to set-up a A record, MX for mail and cname. 
 But it is never to late to learn how it all works before or after your deployment.
 But this is 'not required' for the minimal operation of a VPS deployed system.
 You or your club could take advantage of your own website & email with what you already have.
   
 But that brings up other issues like security.
 
 So what I will add here is for your own good. Don't do a bunch of other stuff until you get a grip on security of your system.
 The ASL install comes with a firewall but it is up to your to set-it and run it and keep a eye on your system.
 But to add some flavor to your install, 
 use valtr's free "snapshot" of your instance for a backup once you know you have a solid working node.
 They also provide a scheduled back-up service at $1 a month. 
 I'm not here to endorse them but it's there and I sometimes use it on instances I have.